Gov Scott said the cases involved three men and a woman, and that none had been hospitalised.

Alerta “sin precedentes” en EE.UU. por embarazadas y brote de zika (Español/English)

Wynwood es un barrio muy turístico, famoso por  numerosas galerías de arte y sus grafitis
Wynwood es un barrio muy turístico, famoso por numerosas galerías de arte y sus grafitis

Las autoridades sanitarias de Estados Unidos emitieron una alerta “sin precedentes” para que las mujeres embarazadas no acudan a una zona de Miami en la que se ha detectado 10 nuevos casos del virus zika.

Los Centros para el Control de Enfermedades (CDC, por sus siglas en inglés) publicaron la advertencia este lunes junto a un mapa del distrito de Wynwood de Miami, en el que trazaron un área de aproximadamente 2,6 kilómetros cuadrados en los que han detectado el brote.

Sin embargo, aún no se ha confirmado que esos casos de zika hayan sido transmitidos por mosquitos de la zona.

Wynwood es un barrio muy turístico, famoso por albergar numerosas galerías de arte y por grafitis.

Los funcionarios de los CDC dijeron que no recuerdan que en los 70 años de historia de esa institución se haya prevenido a los ciudadanos para que no visiten algún lugar de Estados Unidos.

Las autoridades también informaron que el número de casos de transmisión local de zika aumentó hasta 14.

La alerta sanitaria está destinada a personas que viven o visitaron la zona afectada desde el pasado 15 de junio.

Según la alerta, estas personas deben usar preservativos u otras barreras que eviten contagiar el virus cada vez que tengan relaciones sexuales o deben evitar tener sexo en caso de que la mujer esté embarazada.

El mapa muestra la ubicación del municipio afectado por el Zika
El mapa muestra la ubicación del municipio afectado por el Zika

De igual modo, las mujeres embarazadas que vivan o frecuenten la zona deben hacerse la prueba del zika durante el primer y segundo trimestre del embarazo.

En cuanto a las parejas que visitaron la zona y planeen tener hijos, deben esperar al menos 8 semanas antes de intentar buscar el embarazo.

En el caso de los hombres que han presentado síntomas de zika, deben esperar por lo menos 6 meses desde que aparecieron las primeras señales de la enfermedad antes de buscar un embarazo.   (BBC Mundo)

English

Zika virus: Florida cases ‘likely’ to be first US-based infections

Four people suffering from the Zika virus in Florida are probably the first cases contracted within the US, health officials say.

So far, cases outside of Latin America and the Caribbean, where the virus is prevalent, have been spread by travel to that region or sexual transmission.

Zika virus: Florida cases 'likely' to be first US-based infections

The four Florida cases mean US mosquitoes may be carrying the virus.

Zika causes only a mild illness in most people but the virus has been linked to severe brain defects in newborns.

The Florida department of health said “a high likelihood exists that four cases are the result of local transmission”, centred on one small area just north of downtown Miami.

More than 1,650 cases of Zika have so far been detected in the United States, but the Florida cases would be the first in the US not involving sexual contact or foreign travel.

“This is not just a Florida issue,” Gov Rick Scott said. “It’s a national issue – we just happen to be at the forefront.”

In the latest reaction:

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said they anticipated more cases will emerge over the coming weeks

CDC chief Tom Frieden said infection occurred “several weeks ago” and that there were no plans to restrict travel to Florida

The White House said President Obama had directed that all necessary resources be given to help Florida beat the virus

White House spokesman Eric Schultz repeated criticism of Congress for not agreeing to fund the fight against Zika before breaking for summer

The US Food and Drug Administration has asked for blood donation in both affected counties to be suspended

Gov Scott said the cases involved three men and a woman, and that none had been hospitalised.
Gov Scott said the cases involved three men and a woman, and that none had been hospitalised.

Gov Scott said all donations already made would now be tested for Zika

Two of those suffering from the virus are in Miami-Dade county and the other two in neighbouring Broward county. They are the most densely populated counties in Florida.

Gov Scott said the cases involved three men and a woman, and that none had been hospitalised.

To confirm whether Zika is being carried by mosquitoes locally, scientists are surveying houses and people within a 150-yard (metre) radius of the cases, the flying distance of the insect.

In February, the World Health Organization declared the Zika virus a global public health emergency because of the risk to newborn children.

In severe cases, children can die and babies who survive can face intellectual disability and developmental delays.

Gov Scott asked all residents of affected areas to get rid of standing water, where mosquitoes thrive, and for residents to wear insect repellent.

Bites from the aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus mosquitoes that carry the virus

Maternal transmission from mother to baby in the womb

Unprotected vaginal, oral or anal sexual intercourse – although rare, the virus can persist in semen

Zika virus has been found in other bodily fluids, including saliva and urine, but it is unknown whether it can spread through these routes

Blood transfusion – very likely but not confirmed  (BBC News)